Hebron's main street is segregated; wide paved side for Jews - narrow imprisoned side for Palestinians
Since 2012, Ibrahim Street in Hebron, running alongside the mosque, has been segregated by a fence (122m long, 2.6m tall). The left side of the street for Jews includes about 2/3 of the street. It is paved, modern and accessible to cars. The right side of the street for Palestinians is narrow, broken and pedestrian only. Forty-eight families live in the Salayma and Ghaith neighborhoods on the Palestinian side of the street. At the bottom of the street, soldiers ask your religion. If you are Muslim, you are instructed to take the right/Palestinians side of the street. To transport heavy loads of goods into the neighborhoods, Palestinians have to make use of pushcarts and horse-drawn wagons while illegal settlers can transport items by by truck and car.
In June 2017 In early June 2017, the segregation fence in Ibrahim Street was extended 33m further imprisoning the Salayma and Ghaith neighborhoods. Palestinians must enter through a narrow door secured with a high-pitched alarm to notify the army each time a Palestinian enters or leaves. The door is locked and imprisons the neighborhoods from 11pm to 6am. Occasionally the army keeps the door closed for an additional 15-30 minutes in the morning. The curfew causes complications and delays for residents who work or attend school or university outside the area. Ambulances and medical personnel do not have direct access to the neighborhoods.
In 2015 B'tselem spoke to 45-year-ol mother of ten, Nabilah al-Ja’bri, about how she feel being subjected to a segregated street:
“About a month ago, Border Police officers once more started blocking my access to the paved road. When I asked why, one of the policemen told me that there were new directives which ban Palestinians from using the paved part of the street and dictate that we have to walk on the other side of the fence. Since then, my kids and I have been using the side road every day. Only the settlers are allowed to use the main road. I no longer argue with the policemen, and neither do the rest of the residents in the neighborhood. When we get to the checkpoint, we just head right over to the side road.
I feel humiliated when I walk along the dirt path behind the fence and see the settlers using the main part of the street, with a chain-link fence – whose existence is completely unjustified –separating us from them.”
Three residents of the Salayma and Ghaith neighborhoods are mobility impaired. The narrow door to the imprisoned area is not wheelchair accessible. It is narrow and awkwardly angled, making passage extremely difficult for the three disabled residents of the Salayma and Ghaith neighborhoods. making the fence a method of collective punishment operating under the assumption of guilt.
The main street in the neighborhood of a-Salaimeh leads to the Ibrahimi mosque. Since 1994 when Israeli settler Baruch Goldstein entered the Ibrahimi mosque and massacred 29 Palestinians in worship, the Israeli military has imposed official policy of segregation in Hebron, relegating Palestinians to a life of checkpoints, restrictions and closures. The segregation of Ibrahim Street and imprisonment of the Salayma and Ghaith neighborhoods makes life intolerable for Palestinian residents.